Posts tagged: Non-Solicitation Clause

Non-Competition and Non-Solicitation: Assessing your risk

By , April 18, 2016 8:32 am

We often get calls from employees who are thinking about leaving their employment, have left their employment, or have been terminated, and are considering working for a competitor or starting their own business. They are often concerned about non-competition and non-solicitation clauses contained in their employment contract and whether such clauses are enforceable.

Non-Competition Clauses vs. Non-Solicitation Clauses

A non-competition clause is a provision which prohibits an employee from working for a competitor of a former employer, or opening up his or her own business in direct competition with the former employer.

A non-solicitation clause is a provision which prohibits an employee from encouraging the employer’s clients or staff to join the employee at a new business.


Typically, the courts have said that they will not enforce a non-competition clause where a non-solicitation clause would effectively protect the employer’s interests. The courts have said that there is a public interest for free trade and a non-competition interferes with that public interest.

The Courts will generally enforce a non-solicitation clause if the length of time it applies and the scope of the clients concerned are considered reasonable.

No Employment Contract with Non-Competition or Non-Solicitation Clauses

Even if an employee does not have an employment contract that contains a non-competition clause or a non-solicitation clause, it’s possible that he or she could be found to owe a fiduciary duty to the employer to not solicit clients. Where an employee held a position of senior management or could be described as a “key” employee, he or she may be precluded from exploiting that position to benefit his or her own business. There are a variety of factors that the courts will look at when determining if someone was a “key” employee.

The Costs of Breaching a Non-Solicitation Clause

If an employee breaches a non-solicitation clause, the employer will typically have to prove damages (i.e. the amount of money that was lost as a result of the solicitation).

If the employee is found to owe a fiduciary duty, there are two different approaches taken by the courts for awarding damages:

  • The amount of benefits that were wrongfully acquired because of the breach, which focuses on the employee’s gain as a result of the breach.
  • Restoring the employer to the position it would have been in if the breach had not occurred, which focuses on the employer’s losses.

If you are currently employed and thinking or starting your own business or moving to a competitor, or if you’ve been terminated and are considering either of those options, one of our lawyers would be happy to review your obligations under your employment contract and any possible fiduciary responsibilities. Please contact us at 647-204-8107 or [email protected].

“The material and information provided on this blog and this website are for general information only and should not, in any respect, be relied on as legal advice or opinion. The authors make no claims, promises or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of any information linked or referred to or contained herein. No person should act or refrain from acting in reliance on any information found on this website or blog, without first retaining counsel and obtaining appropriate professional advice from a lawyer duly licensed to practice law in the relevant jurisdiction. These materials do not constitute legal advice and do not create a lawyer-client relationship between you and any of the authors or the MacLeod Law Firm.”

Employment Contracts and Offer Letters | Can you do better?

By , January 15, 2013 3:01 pm

Employment Contracts and Offer Letters | Can you do better?

Reviewing employment contracts and offer letters carefully is always a good idea.  Having your lawyer review them for you is an even better idea.  Here’s why:

Increasingly, employers are asking new hires to sign employment contracts.  These employment contracts are prepared by lawyers hired to protect the employer’s interests.

There is no such thing as a “standard” employment contract. Many employers try to include the same terms of employment in every contract, however, some of the clauses are often negotiable.

We have reviewed hundreds of employment contracts over the years. Some are fair; some are not. Lawyers at the MacLeod Law Firm can tell you which clauses in the contract are not fair in your circumstances and why.

If you wish, we can negotiate changes in the initial job offer on your behalf.

At the MacLeod Law Firm, we view every employee as a person first and recognize that every negotiation is different. Regardless of the situation, we consider these three issues:

  1. The employee’s alternatives to accepting the job offer. These alternatives determine the person’s negotiating power. Does the person currently have a job? If not, does the employee have other job offers? In some cases, employees will turn down an offer and remain in their current job once they understand the terms of the offer. In other cases, employees use competing offers to improve an initial job offer.
  2.  Which  issues may be negotiable. We have helped scores of employees negotiate enhanced job offers. This experience helps us identify which issues are likely open for discussion in any particular situation.
  3. The employee’s obligations to his/her current employer. Unless there is a notice of resignation term in the employee’s current employment contract, the employee is generally required to provide reasonable notice of resignation. The employee may also have fiduciary or contractual duties which preclude them from soliciting customers for a reasonable period of time after resigning, among other such restrictions.

If you have been offered employment and asked to sign an employment contract, and you want to speak with an employment lawyer with experience in this area, contact us at  [email protected] or 1-888-640-1728 (toll free) or 647-633-9894 (within the GTA).

Non-Solicitation Clause: Working For the Competition

By , August 29, 2011 9:27 pm

We often get calls from individuals who are thinking about quitting and immediately starting work with a competitor. The person calls us because his employment contract has a non-solicitation clause and he wants to know if it is enforceable. This is usually only the beginning of the conversation.

Here are four questions that you should get answered before you accept a job with a competitor.

1. Have you agreed to non-competition and/or non-solicitation restrictions for a period of time?  If so, you need to find out whether these restrictive covenants are likely legally enforceable.

2. If a non-solicitation restriction does not exist (or it is likely not enforceable) are you a “fiduciary” which is generally a senior executive or a salesperson who is the face of the company to the customer? If so, you may have a common law duty not to solicit customers for a reasonable period of time.

3. Is there a clause in your employment agreement which sets out how much notice of resignation you must provide? If not, did you know your former employer could sue you for wrongful resignation?

4. Does your new employer want you to immediately solicit the customers of your former employer? If so, have you thought about what will happen if your former employer starts a law suit?

For more information about employment contracts, see our blogs here.

If you are thinking about working for a competitor, and you want to speak with an employment lawyer with experience in this area, contact us at  [email protected] or 1-888-640-1728 (toll free) or 647-633-9894 (within the GTA).

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