Posts tagged: gender

Will the Pay Transparency Act Narrow the Gender Pay Gap? Bill 57 Halts our Chance to Find Out

By , December 28, 2018 10:38 am

Despite pay equity and anti-discrimination laws, female workers in Ontario earn less than their male counterparts. To address this gender wage gap, shortly before 2018 provincial election the Liberal government passed the Pay Transparency Act (“PTA”), putting the onus on employers to publicly report gender pay to build fairer workplaces. It was scheduled to take effect on January 1, 2019.

The PTA would have created numerous requirements for employers regarding compensation disclosure and filing pay transparency reports with the government. Specifically, the PTA prohibited all employers from either directly or indirectly asking job candidates about past compensation. It also would have required that employers post a compensation rate or range for all publicly advertised job postings, while prohibiting employers from reprising against employees who make inquiries about compensation practices.

Shortly after the election however, Premier Ford halted the coming into effect of the PTA by way of Bill 57.

On December 6, 2018, Bill 57, the Restoring Trust, Transparency and Accountability Act, 2018, received Royal Assent. It delayed the implementation of the Pay Transparency Act, 2018 (“PTA”) from January 1, 2019 to “a day to be named by proclamation of the Lieutenant Governor.”

What is the Status of Ontario’s Pay Transparency Act?

It is not known when the PTA will come into force. If I were a betting person I would say not while Doug Ford is Premier.

Since the PTA has been postponed, employers are currently not required to create pay transparency reports and may limit their employees’ ability to disclose their compensation information.

Further, employers do not have to determine a compensation range before posting a job; they can continue to determine compensation rates based on a variety of factors such as the candidate’s experience and qualifications.

For more information on an employee’s pay transparency obligations, contact an employment lawyer at MacLeod Law Firm. You can reach us at [email protected] or 647-204-8107.

The material and information in this blog and this website are for general information only. They should not be relied on as legal advice or opinion. The authors make no claims, promises, or guarantees about the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy of any information referred to in this blog or its links. No person should act or refrain from acting in reliance on any information found on this website or blog. Readers should obtain appropriate professional advice from a lawyer duly licensed in the relevant jurisdiction. These materials do not create a lawyer-client relationship between you and any of the authors or the MacLeod Law Firm.

Employee Terminations: How Employment Contracts and Legal Consultation Prevent Legal Fires

By , May 18, 2015 11:41 pm

I strongly recommend that employers require all new employees to sign an employment contract with a termination clause. As a result, the employer knows how much it will cost to terminate the employee and the employee is effectively precluded from commencing a wrongful dismissal claim.

To read more about the benefits of using employment contracts, click here.

This kind of termination clause does not however prevent an employee from claiming for additional termination pay under the Ontario Human Rights Code (the “Code”). To read a recent court case on this issue, click here.

Cases like this illustrate why I canvass all of the circumstances surrounding a proposed termination with a client before advising on the employee’s legal entitlements.

Is the employee pregnant, or has she recently returned from a pregnancy leave?

Has the employee recently taken time off work because of a disability or recently returned to work following a workplace accident?

Is the person trans gendered and has recently decided to present in a different gender?

If a factor in the employer’s decision to terminate a person’s employment is her pregnancy or because she is disabled or trans gendered then there likely has been a violation of the Code.

Lessons to be learned

1. Insist that all new hires sign an employment contract with a properly drafted termination clause.

2. If a person is terminated because of one (or more) of the 16 personal characteristics set out in the Code such as gender then there is likely a violation of the Code and the employee is likely entitled to more termination pay than set out in the termination clause of her employment contract.

3. Call an employment lawyer and explain all of the circumstances surrounding a termination before terminating the employee’s employment.


For the past 25 years, Doug MacLeod of the MacLeod Law Firm has been advising and representing employers in connection with employee terminations. If you have any questions, you can contact him at 416 317-9894 or at [email protected]


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